In case of acid reflux, your stomach contents are forced up into your esophagus. In response to the relaxation of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES), stomach acid rises.
You may be diagnosed with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) if you experience acid reflux more than twice a week.
It’s a little more difficult to figure out which foods to avoid. In the medical world, there is still some debate about which foods trigger reflux symptoms.
In spite of the lack of consensus, many researchers agree that the best way to avoid indigestion and other acid reflux symptoms is to avoid specific foods and beverages.
High Fat Meals and Fried Foods
There is disagreement among scientists as to how nutrition affects acid reflux. Multiple studies have linked the consumption of high-fat foods and beverages to the aggravation of GERD symptoms. Due to this, you should avoid fried foods and foods with heavy sauces, as well as high-fat beverages (such as milkshakes or alcoholic beverages containing cream or liqueur).
Fatty foods tend to reduce LES pressure and delay stomach emptying. This may raise your chances of experiencing reflux symptoms.
You can reduce your total fat consumption to help prevent reflux.
If you have a functional gastrointestinal condition, spicy meals may exacerbate abdominal pain and burning symptoms, according to studies.
Capsaicin, the chemical ingredient that gives spicy foods their flavor, can irritate the esophagus, causing acid reflux.
In more than half of the cases studied, spicy stews caused GERD symptoms.
People who eat spicy cuisine on a regular basis had fewer GERD symptoms as a result of these meals, but there has been little research since to back up this assertion.
If you get acid reflux on a daily basis, it’s best to stay away from spicy foods.
Fruits and Vegetables
As part of a balanced diet, fruits and vegetables are essential. Certain varieties, on the other hand, may exacerbate your GERD symptoms. Reflux is usually caused by the following fruits and vegetables:
Oranges, grapefruit, lemons, and limes (and tomato-based foods) Citrus fruits such as oranges, grapefruit, lemons, and limes.
Citrus fruits contain acid, which relaxes the lower esophageal sphincter, causing reflux symptoms. Citrus fruits also contain more acid than other fruits, which will aggravate the symptoms of the majority of people.
Onions and garlic
If you’re unsure, talk to your doctor about your tolerance level. If you have access, a nutritionist can help you develop an eating pattern that will help you manage your disease.
Acid reflux symptoms are triggered by caffeinated beverages such as coffee, certain teas, and soda. They should be avoided at all costs. Instead, get your morning kick by jogging or doing yoga.
Whether it has caffeine or not, coffee can aggravate reflux symptoms. Coffee, on the other hand, is tolerated well by some people with GERD.
Foods like broccoli will add gas to your digestive system, prompting reflux symptoms if your acid reflux is related with gas and indigestion.
GERD sufferers may also experience symptoms from a variety of regular drinks. These are some of them:
In two ways, beer, wine, and liquor can aggravate acid reflux symptoms. For starters, alcohol relaxes the muscles of the lower esophageal sphincter, allowing acid to pass into the oesophagus. Second, alcohol increases stomach acid production.
Carbonated coffee and tea beverages
Juices of citrus fruits and tomatoes
Pay attention to your specific symptoms and only consume beverages that you can tolerate.
Please don’t shoot the messenger, but chocolate (both milk and dark) is a well-known acid reflux trigger. Theobromine, a chemical found in chocolate, relaxes the esophageal sphincter muscles, allowing acid to pass up the oesophagus.
Tomatoes and tomato-based meals are high in acid, which relaxes the muscles of the lower esophageal sphincter in the same manner as chocolate does. Foods like marinara sauce, ketchup, and tomato soup should be avoided. Acid reflux is helped by foods that increase saliva production, such as sour balls.
Because saliva neutralizes the acid that rises from your stomach, it’s a good idea to drink plenty of it.
Eating a substantial meal, especially two or three hours before night, might place additional strain on the lower esophageal sphincter muscles, increasing the risk of food being lodged in the oesophagus. It’s best to stop eating before you actually feel full since the brain needs time to register that the stomach is full.
Medications and Supplements
A variety of additional foods, drugs, and supplements might impair the function of your LES, leading to GERD symptoms.